Over a decade ago, I acquired my first SLR. In the past, they did not have digital and they were simply called SLR cameras. We have digitalized everything including DSLR cameras today. This enables us to apply, practice, practice at no additional expense.
Decade ago, there was no such freedom to apply because shutter film was so expensive and you took an image and hoped it turned out just.
I got shocked when my first roll of film was all blurry and out of focus. The lighting was all off and they were to be honest the worst pictures I had fashioned ever taken. I’ve heard a whole lot about how precisely wonderful these cameras were! That which was I doing wrong? So I became so overwhelmed that I had to place the camera on the shelf and forget to ever touch it again.
A decade has passed and I made a decision to take another whirl with the DSLR cameras. THEREFORE, I delve into learning how to use these amazing cameras. Not quite long, I began to learn just a little here and a little there, and they did not seem to be so hard to make use of after all.
During the next couple of weeks, I will share some tips to help you better understand and use your best DSLR camera.
Photography Tutorial on Using DSLR Cameras to Make Things Happen
UNDERSTANDING THE EXPOSURE TRIANGLE
To assist you understand your camera better we should first tackle the particular exposure triangle is. The exposure triangle is the partnership between three elements: ISO, Shutter Aperture and Speed. Once you know these 3 elements, you shall have a much clearer knowledge of how your camera works!
ISO is a way of measuring how sensitive the sensor is to light. Go through the table above. The low the ISO number the greater light you have. If you were shooting outside over a sunshiny day then you will shoot with your camera on a minimal ISO setting, probably 100. This will generate a specific, crisp picture. If you are working indoors in lower light, you will have to modify your ISO to permit more light to the sensor. A whole lot of my food pictures were shoot during the night at an 800 ISO to pay for having less light in the area.
Take into account that every camera differs and you must practice with your camera to see where your cameras sweet spot is when it comes to ISO. An ISO of 800 is okay for my DSLR, but anything larger starts to be grainy. When adjusting the ISO, remember a higher ISO comes at a price. The bigger the ISO, the grainer the picture can be. I make an effort to shoot most of my pictures on the cheapest ISO possible.
The picture on the left was shot with my iPhone. Have a look at how grainy the picture is. It had been shot with an ISO of 640 (I understand it is not on the diagram, but it is somewhere within the 400 and 800) and evidently this is to most of an ISO for these devices I had been using. Now the picture to the right of this was shot with an ISO 200. Look how crisp the picture is. Is it possible to start to see the difference?
The image on left has ISO of 640 while the image on right has ISO 200.
2. SHUTTER SPEED
Shutter speed is the quantity of time the shutter is open. Shutter speed is how fast, or slow the picture is recorded by the camera. The slower the shutter speed the greater light that reaches the sensor. The faster the shutter speed, the less light that reaches the sensor.
Shutter speed gives you to freeze any motion in an image (action shot) or even to blur any motion in an image (waterfall). While I was taking the pictures of my daughter at her soccer game, I intended to freeze the action of the soccer ball mid air. That is done by using a fast shutter speed. On another day, I was shooting a waterfall and I’d like it to truly have a blurred motion. I wanted more light to access the sensor therefore all I do is to slow my shutter speed right down to create the blurred effect.
Remember, you can take your camera for whatever falls above 1/50. In the event that you lessen your shutter speed below 1/50 then you will need to employ a tripod for this picture so that it will not be blurry. This may change from camera to camera greatly, so experiment with your camera to see if you want to employ a tripod.
Aperture is how big the opening in the lens is when the picture is taken. Aperture is measured in f-stops (f/1.8, f/2.8, f/3.5, f/4, f/5.6, f/6.3, f/8, f/11, f/16, f/22…). The low the quantity (f/1.8) the bigger the opening in the lens or the more light that reaches the sensor. The bigger the quantity (f/22) small the opening in the lens or the less light that reaches the sensor.
The aperture controls what is in focus in an image. Below is an image of 2 bobbleheads (I understand, it was all I needed to shoot at that time)? The picture on the left has an extremely low aperture number, f/2.8 or an extremely large opening in the lens. It offers an extremely shallow depth of field. Notice the way the bobblehead on the left is barely noticeable because I have thought we would blur it out so the focus is on the bobble at the right.
Now the picture to the right comes with an aperture f/6.3 or an inferior opening. Notice, the way the bobblehead on the left of the next picture is a bit more in focus. It includes just a little bigger depth of field. WHEN I raise the f-stop number, the clearer it will become. Take into account that in both these pictures I have centered on the bobble at once the right.
Remaining picture f/2.8, right picture f/6.3.
This is actually the same image at a f/11. Notice how much clearer the picture is. It has a bigger depth of field. Also, pay close attention where your eyeball moves.
I have no idea about you but my clear concentrate has been rescinded from the bobblehead on the right in this picture. Actually, I really have no idea where to concentrate my attention in this picture.
Is it possible to see now how aperture will let you define what you would like your audience to see?
A good example would be if you are creating a far more shallow depth of field then you are allowing more light to enter into your picture. You will have to modify either the shutter speed or ISO to compensate for the change in light.
Do not stress, this is a later lessons. We are certain to get to manual method after we did a small amount of homework and some exercises to help you better know how it all fits in place.
Ok, so now you understand a little about ISO, shutter aperture and speed. It is time to practice now. If you are just getting started with your DSLR, I recommend that you begin practicing by making use of your Aperture Priority mode (AV for Canon and A for Nikon) and Shutter Priority mode (TV for Canon and S for Nikon). You can transform this through the method dial near the top of your camera.
Taking pictures IN APERTURE PRIORITY
If you are capturing on aperture top priority mode you will be arranging the aperture and the camera will automatically arranged the ISO and shutter velocity.
Note: If you wish the ISO to bet set automatically ensure you have it on auto in your settings. Just press the ISO button, hold it down and use the black main dial together with your camera to go auto (this button is usually closest to your shutter button that you push to have a picture, see picture below). Check your manual for even more instructions if needed.
To improve the aperture, use the same dark-colored main dial together with your camera to modify the aperture. Go through the picture below to see where in fact the aperture is situated on your camcorder’s LCD screen.
Taking pictures IN SHUTTER PRIORITY
If you’re capturing in Shutter Top priority setting, then you establish the shutter quickness and the camera will automatically placed the ISO and aperture for you (again, make certain which you have the car select for your ISO).
To improve the shutter rate, use the same dark main dial together with your camera to adapt the shutter quickness (see picture above). Go through the picture below to see where in fact the shutter speed is situated on your LCD display screen.
Absorb the three areas we talked about above and notice that they work together and exactly how they change in several situations. This enables you to get some good practice with selecting aperture and shutter rates of speed and can help you feel more familiarized with your camera.
THAT IS IT! THAT IS NOT SO DIFFICULT RIGHT.
So that could it be! Now this week start doing shooting in both of these methods and again play close focus on the aperture, ISO and the shutter quickness and exactly how they interact.
You are one-step nearer to capturing in manual function, just a couple more steps and you are there! After you shoot in manual mode, you hold the freedom to build the pictures that you will be envisioning. This is where we end the first phase of our photography tutorial series on DLSR cameras today.
If you have questions or feedback about this or any suggestion or topic we can feature in our upcoming photography tutorials, do not hesitate to comment them into the box below. We’ll surely read them and get back.