The field of information technology has seen several exciting developments in these past years in both research and real-time application. However, even with all the accomplishments and rapid ascent, a sense of uncertainty remains. The risk identified due to the development of digital technology and cyberspace presents a challenge to decision-makers. The uncertainty influences stakeholders in the private sector and billions of users who depend on IT for daily use.
The real obstacles that keep IT from progressing are the soiled approaches and lack of knowledge by decision-makers, both at national and international levels. The provocative question in mind is about the future of information technology in the coming years. IT’s landscape promises to bring us surprises with lots of new developments for industries including healthcare, production, manufacturing, e-Commerce, etc. We will try to shed some light on the future of IT and trends that might pave the way for its progress and advancement.
AI Moving Beyond Deep Learning
Artificial Intelligence and deep learning have always been at the center stage of technological innovations. Deep learning has become a successful principle when it comes to problem-solving and critical analysis of large data sets. This technology has given us unique features like facial and handwriting recognition, language translation, and others.
However, the presence of massive amounts of data in the real world can be a problem in terms of AI (Artificial Intelligence) and DL (Deep Learning). For instance, AI can work with industrial data and predict possible events to safeguard an organizational asset. The problem with AI is that the available data sets cannot match the amount needed to document such expensive failures.
Data scientists have to develop solutions related to small amounts of data and still make the algorithm work. IT experts in this regard can come with ways that are based on different aspects of deep learning. In the near future, experts with online MBA information technology or similar principle can design application that addresses techniques other than deep learning. IT experts can explore different areas other than deep learning, including reinforcement learning, transfer learning, or genetic/evolutionary algorithms. The employment of sophisticated, custom algorithms capable of building powerful networks is a future expectation for AI experts.
Automation and Data Security
Automation is a prevailing aspect of the future in IT that aims to reduce physical work and improve operational efficiency. Data sciences are the critical sphere that can benefit most from automation. Combined with artificial intelligence and machine learning features, IT experts can use automation to make better decisions based on data analysis. Researchers predict that automation will replace almost half the world’s workforce in the near future.
In terms of security, future information technology emphasizes data security and is the spotlight of attention. Among the most significant future trends for IT experts, keeping customer and business data secured will become a primary concern. Companies and businesses need a new way to secure data without huge investments that IT experts will willingly provide.
Big Data and Software Architecture
Another future trend for IT experts is software and application architecture based on big data. Big data analysis uncovers hidden patterns, provides correlations and valuable insights for experts to consider. As the world turns from monolithic to the microservice application, big data plays its association with them.
Companies and businesses will rely on applications designed through big data analysis to explore new opportunities. Notably, big data analytics can reduce operational costs to make better decisions and fulfill customer demands. Further, big data insights can give designers a means to develop applications that will address the demands with pinpoint accuracy.
IT Governance Will Become Business Governance
In many organizations today, IT has made its way into decision-making and process implementation. Critical strategies, business structure, investments, change programs, risk, and sourcing will become a part of IT infrastructure in the future. With time, organizations will realize that they need to coordinate all the decisions outside and above IT. In short, the future will see that having a streamlined IT infrastructure means better governance and business management.
Internet of Things
The Internet of Things (IoT) is among the newest trends that will undoubtedly shape the future of information technology. IoT is the network of devices interconnected with each other to collect and process data. Potential future implementations of IoT include various industries such as drone delivery, smart homes, virtual security assistants, smart cars, etc. Top companies seek ways to develop self-driving vehicles that know the routes and daily activities.
Even though virtual and augmented realities have started to make their mark in various industries in their infancy stages. Right now, AR and VR offer immersive environment experiences to limited sectors. IT experts are now working on ways to develop an immersive environment that will go beyond some industries into the mainstream.
In the future, the augmentation of objects will go beyond business or entertainment purposes. An example of such technology is AR shopping in e-Commerce implemented successfully during the Covid-19 pandemic.
Blockchain is a technology that stores data and information in consequent sets called blocks. These blocks have encryptions and security with a feature called cryptography. The popularity of blockchain started with the emergence of cryptocurrency. Cryptocurrency will replace physical currency in the near future and hold value the same as that of stocks.
Even if not used for a monetary purpose, blockchain will prove viable to store sensitive information securely. An example of this is medical records, financial statements, luxury products from counterfeiting, etc. IT experts have started to learn blockchain technology to keep themselves updated for the future implementation of technology.
3D printing is an emerging technology that shows promising results for the future of business applications. 3D printing can give us a potential solution for ordinary people’s problems and provide higher product personalization in the future. A simple 3D printer will allow us to manufacture things thought impossible in the past. What seemed imaginable only in specialized facilities is now possible almost everywhere. The most prominent use of 3D printing is to develop prosthetic limbs and body support supplies.
Besides, 3D printing will replace manufacturing to develop chap and sturdy products in the future. Similar to the blockchain, 3D printing is a technology that needs specialized training, which the It experts need to learn.
Information technology has experienced a fast pace in changes that is both scary and intriguing. IT experts now have to keep themselves updated with the latest trends and technologies to remain in the game. Technologies like robotics, biometrics, and other show promising future for IT experts. IT has a bright future that we can reap to make our lives even better.
With the continual growth of some of the innovative and disruption technologies such as deep learning mechanism, 3D printing, and many others, it prompts me to ask; what does the future looks like for IT experts?